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what are dental fillings

What are Dental Fillings? Types, Materials, Costs & Procedure

Dental fillings are a standard and essential procedure in dentistry, providing a solution to repair and restore teeth damaged by decay or trauma. Understanding what fillings for teeth are, the different types available, the materials used, their costs, and the procedure involved is crucial for anyone considering this treatment.

What Are Fillings for Teeth?

Fillings for teeth are essential dental restorations primarily used to repair and restore teeth that have suffered minor to moderate damage. This damage is most commonly due to cavities, which are areas of tooth decay, or minor fractures that can occur due to various reasons, such as biting on complex objects or trauma.

A cavity filling is more than just repairing a tooth; it’s restoring its integrity and functionality. When a tooth develops a cavity, its structure is compromised and becomes more susceptible to further decay and sensitivity. If left untreated, cavities can lead to more severe dental issues, including toothache, infection, and loss.

A tooth filling works by filling the space where the decayed material once was after a dentist has removed it. This procedure effectively restores the tooth to its original shape. It helps prevent further decay by sealing cracks or spaces where bacteria could enter.

In addition to fixing cavities, fillings are also used to repair cracked or broken teeth and teeth worn down from misuse, such as nail-biting or tooth-grinding. This versatility makes fillings a fundamental component of dental care.

Beyond the functional aspect, fillings also play a cosmetic role. Especially with modern dentistry materials like composite resins and ceramics, fillers can be closely matched to the natural color of your teeth. This feature ensures that the fillings blend seamlessly with your teeth, maintaining or even enhancing the tooth’s appearance.

Overall, fillings are vital in dental care, offering therapeutic and preventive benefits. They repair the existing damage and protect the tooth from future problems, maintaining both oral health and aesthetics.

Types of Dental Fillings

There are 4 types of dental fillings, each with unique advantages. The four types of fillers commonly used are:

Amalgam Fillings: Known for their strength and durability, these are often used for filling cavities in the back teeth.
Composite Fillings: Made of resin and plastic material that matches the color of your teeth, they are famous for their aesthetic appeal.
Gold Fillings: Praised for their durability and strength, they are a more expensive option.
Ceramic Fillings: Made of porcelain, ceramic fillings are durable and offer excellent aesthetic results.

Dentistry Filling Materials

The choice of dentistry filling materials largely depends on the location of the tooth, the extent of the repair, patient allergies, and aesthetic preferences. The most commonly used materials include:

Amalgam: A mixture of metals, including silver, mercury, tin, and copper.
Composite Resins: Aesthetic materials matched to be the same color as your teeth.
Gold: An alloy composed of gold, copper, and other metals.
Ceramic: A porcelain-based material known for its resistance to staining.

Tooth Filling Price

The tooth filling price varies depending on the type of material used, the size of the filling, and the complexity of the procedure. Generally, gold and ceramic fillings are more expensive than amalgam or composite fillings due to the materials and the labor involved in their creation.

Dental Filling Procedure

Getting a dental filling is a straightforward yet meticulous procedure involving several vital steps to ensure the tooth is restored effectively and comfortably. Here is a more detailed look at each stage:


To ensure a pain-free experience, the dentist starts by numbing the area around the affected tooth using a local anesthetic. This might involve injecting the anesthetic near the tooth to block the nerves responsible for pain sensation.
Sometimes, the dentist may use a rubber dam or other isolation methods to keep the tooth dry and free from saliva during the procedure.

Decay Removal

The dentist then carefully removes the decayed or damaged portion of the tooth using a drill, air abrasion instrument, or laser. The choice of instrument depends on the dentist’s preference and the extent of the decay.
Once the decay is removed, the area is thoroughly cleaned to remove bacteria or debris. This step is crucial to prevent infection and ensure a clean surface for the filling.

Filling Placement

The dentist selects the appropriate filling material and places it into the cleaned cavity. For composite fillings, the material is applied in layers.
Each layer is shaped to fit the cavity, ensuring that the filling material conforms to the natural anatomy of the tooth.


If a composite resin is used, each layer of the filling material is set or cured with a special ultraviolet light. This light activates the chemicals in the composite resin, causing it to harden quickly and bond to the tooth structure.


The dentist then makes any necessary adjustments to the filling to ensure a comfortable bite and fit within the mouth.
The final step involves polishing the filling to a smooth finish. This not only improves the appearance of the filling but also ensures that it feels natural in the mouth and doesn’t irritate the tongue or cheek.

Post-Procedure Care

After the procedure, the dentist will provide instructions on how to care for the filled tooth, including any dietary recommendations and oral hygiene practices.


It’s not uncommon to have a follow-up visit to prevent the filling and ensure that it’s comfortable and functioning correctly.

The dental filling procedure is fundamental to maintaining oral health and is routinely performed with high success rates. Understanding these steps can help patients feel more at ease and informed about what to expect during the procedure.


Understanding the different types of fillings, the materials used, their costs, and the procedure is vital for anyone needing a tooth filling. At Wellness Dental Studio, we offer a range of dental filling options to suit your needs, including the increasingly popular ceramic fillings.

Our experienced dentist team can guide you through choosing the best type of filling for your situation and ensure you are informed about the entire process, from preparation to aftercare.

For detailed information on tooth filling prices and to discuss the most suitable options for your dental needs, visit Wellness Dental Studio. We are dedicated to providing quality dental care, focusing on comfort and patient satisfaction.

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